Tense Marker

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Tense Markers: যে সব শব্দ বা শব্দগুচ্ছ বাক্যের Verb-টি কোন Tense এ হবে তা নির্ধারণ করতে সাহায্য করে তাদেরকে Tense Marker বলে। যেমন- It is time, by this time, generally, often, now, at this moment, just, just now, tomorrow, ago, yesterday, by 2021 ইত্যাদি।

 

Tense Markers

Tense

Example

বাক্যে always, often, sometimes, everyday, daily, occasionally, regularly, usually, normally, generally ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Present Indefinite Tense হয়

 

He always works hard.

She often comes here.

I normally get up 5 o’clock.

বাক্যে now, at this moment, at this time, at present, still, এবং তাৎক্ষণিক দৃষ্টি আকর্ষণমূলক শব্দ যেমন- look, listen, hush ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Present Continuous Tense হয়

 

How are you feeling now?

Look! He is coming.

 

বাক্যে Just,  just now, already, yet, ever, never, lately, recently ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Present Perfect Tense হয়

He has just come now.

I have already done my home work.

বাক্যে since, for, how long দ্বারা Duration বুঝালে

Present Perfect Continuous Tense হয়

I have been reading for three hours.

It has been raining since morning.

বাক্যে yesterday, ago, long ago, long since, once,last, last night, last week, last month, last year, the day before yesterday, it is high time, it is time, fancy  ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Past Indefinite Tense হয়

He came here yesterday.

Last week we visited Sundarban.

It is high time we started our business.

বাক্যে at that time, at that moment, then ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Past Continuous Tense হয়

At that time he was working.

Then he was reading a novel.

অতীতে সংঘটিত দুটি ক্রমিক ঘটনার ক্ষেত্রে before এর পূর্বে এবং after এর পরে Past Perfect Tense হয়

 

I had done the work before he came.

He reached the station after the train had left.

বাক্যে tomorrow, next, next day, next week, next month, next year, in the days to come, in the years to come ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Future Indefinite Tense হয়

He will come tomorrow.

Next month we will start our business.

বাক্যে by this time, by 2018, by Sunday, by June, next Friday, next January, next year, by next Monday, by next month, by next year ইত্যাদি থাকলে

Future Perfect Tense হয়

 

He will have come by this time.

We shall have done our duty

 

এখন, পূর্বেই আলোচিত কিছু নিয়মের সূক্ষ্ম পার্থক্য লক্ষ্য করি।

Tense Markers

Tense

Example

বাক্যে at this time,  at this moment থাকলে Present Continuous Tense হয়। They are playing cricket at this moment.
বাক্যে at that time, at that moment থাকলে Past Continuous Tense হয়। They were playing cricket at that moment.
বাক্যে by this time থাকলে Future Perfect Tense হয়। They will have reached the station by this time.
বাক্যে It is time, it is high time থাকলে Past Indefinite Tense হয়। It is high time we changed our decision.

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